Utah Wrongful Death Guide
Have you lost a family member or loved one due to someone else’s negligence? The Utah Wrongful Death Guide was created by Swenson & Shelley Injury Attorneys to help residents obtain maximum compensation.
The dedicated Utah wrongful death attorneys at Swenson & Shelley understand that surviving through the death of a loved one, no matter how they have passed, is the most difficult thing many will ever deal with. This is especially difficult when a loved one’s death was the result of a wrongful death situation. Wrongful death applies when a person’s life was taken by negligence or cruel intent. Losing a loved one in this manner is devastating for those left behind. These bereaved family members shouldn’t be left to struggle, financially or otherwise, after a wrongful death.
After losing a loved one to a wrongful death, the surviving family has the right to seek compensation for the resulting financial and emotional struggles. The victim’s family will have to decide if they have a case, determine how much compensation they deserve, and become informed about the legal matters of wrongful death lawsuits. Rather than having to deal with all these matters, bereaved families should hire a knowledgeable attorney to represent them. By using a reputable personal injury attorney, like Swenson and Shelley, the victim’s family will have a much better chance of getting the compensation they deserve.
Determining if a Wrongful Death Claim Can be Filed
Before deciding to file a wrongful death lawsuit, it is important to understand which circumstances warrant a suit, who is entitled to damages, and if someone else is at fault. These are the basic guidelines that must be met to proceed with a wrongful death lawsuit. If these criteria are met, the next step will be to find a trustworthy, experienced attorney, like Swenson and Shelley, to represent them in their case.
Death was Caused by Cruel Intent or Negligence
A wrongful death is one where someone, other than the victim, is at fault. In a wrongful death case, the person or entity that is to blame is usually very apparent. The person at fault will have committed either a cruel, or negligent act, which directly caused the death. Cruel intent, like homicide, in a wrongful death case does not require a criminal conviction. If a person who is believed to be at fault for someone’s death escapes criminal punishment, they can still be sued in civil court by the family of their victim.
Loved Ones are Struggling Financially
To be granted compensation for the wrongful death of a loved one, the deceased usually must have surviving family who depended on them financially, at least partially. The main reason for seeking financial compensation after a wrongful death is to help with medical bills, final expenses, and compensate for the victim’s lost earnings. If there are people depending on that person, they are much more likely to get a larger sum for compensation.
A Person or Entity is at Fault
If fault can’t be determined, it is difficult to claim wrongful death. Unusual circumstances, acts of God, and other faultless accidents, often leave no one to blame. If there is nothing or no one to blame, it is difficult to seek compensation. Therefore, wrongful death claims must have a person or entity to seek compensation from.
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Common Circumstances of Wrongful Death Incidents
No matter the circumstance, a wrongful death is devastating. The circumstances under which a person was killed can affect the compensation a family will receive. While there are many different circumstances which can lead to wrongful death, there are a few that are more common than others.
When a doctor, or another medical professional, fails to competently carry out their duties, terrible consequences can result. When the patient dies because of their incompetence, the family of the victim can file a wrongful death claim.
Automobile accidents are the leading cause of wrongful death lawsuits. If an accident was caused by an irresponsible driver, they can be sued for wrongful death. This can happen whether it was a driver in another vehicle, or if it was a passenger of the irresponsible driver. Distracted driving, driving under the influence, and aggressive driving are all common causes of vehicle accidents. Also, pedestrians or road crews struck and killed by irresponsible drivers can warrant a wrongful death suit. Truck accidents can also be grounds for a wrongful death suit.
When a person is a victim of criminal activity, the family of the victim can sue for wrongful death. Homicide, drunk driving, and, in some states, supplying illegal drugs, are a few common criminal activities that lead to wrongful death. When criminal activity results in the death of a loved one, the victim’s family should seek justice and receive compensation. Since criminal and civil court are separate, even if criminal charges were never handed down, the victim’s family can still file a lawsuit. A knowledgeable attorney, like Swenson and Shelley, can get what the bereaved family deserves.
Some other common causes of wrongful death are:
- Airplane accidents
- Workplace accident
- Exposure to hazardous substances in workplace
- Death during a supervised activity
- Faulty products
- Providing or administering an illegal drug
Damages Available for Bereaved Loved Ones
There are many types of compensation that come from wrongful death suits. If there are eligible surviving family members who were affected by the wrongful death, compensation can be claimed. Before a suit is filed, the family will need to decide the type of compensation they are looking for. They may want to claim just one type of compensation, or they may want to file for every type they can. An attorney can point bereaved families in the right direction and help them decide what compensation they deserve.
Medical and Funeral Expenses
After a tragedy, bills related to the death of a loved one can start to pile up. If efforts were made to save the victim’s life, or there was an extended hospital stay, the family should not be responsible for those expenses. Additionally, any costs for a proper funeral and other final expenses should be covered by the person at fault. These expenses can accumulate quickly, leaving the family in financial ruin. By hiring an attorney to recover these damages, the victim’s family will be able to focus on moving forward with their lives, rather than worrying about the financial demands of medical bills.
When a victim has people depending on them financially, those dependents will be left without the financial support they were used to. Since wrongful deaths occur suddenly and unexpectedly, dependents of the victim will not have time to arrange other sources of earnings. This can be especially devastating for those with children and those who do not have a significant amount of savings. The loss of a loved one who also was the main provider can be so devastating that families lose their homes and other possessions. This burden should never befall bereaved family members. By hiring an attorney, the victim’s family can avoid this terrible fate and keep the home and comforts provided by their loved one.
Pain and Suffering
The mental and emotional scars from losing a loved one can be devastating. In Utah, punitive damages, for the pain and suffering of the bereaved family, can also be awarded. These damages are intended to be used to help the family recover, mentally and emotionally, from their loss. Therapy, counseling, and other professional help can be instrumental in allowing the family to accept the loss of their loved one. Facing the wrongful death of a loved one is never easy, but the damages claimed from pain and suffering can help to ease the burden.
Beneficiaries of a Wrongful Death Claim
Those who can benefit from a wrongful death claim are clearly spelled out. Only those who were close to the victim, and those who were financially dependent on the victim, can sue for wrongful death. In most cases, those who seek compensation after a wrongful death will be immediate family members, such as a spouse or children. However, financial dependents and other family members may have a case if there are no immediate family members. For the bereaved to find out if they can sue on behalf of their loved one, they should contact an attorney, such as Swenson and Shelley, immediately.
Immediate Family Members
Spouses, life partners, children, adopted children, and any other dependents, have a legal right to file suit against those who caused the wrongful death of their loved one. Immediate family will usually take precedence in a case. This means if any other family members, such as siblings or parents, are attempting to sue for wrongful death, the immediate family will be considered first.
Anyone who is financially dependent on a wrongful death victim has the right to seek compensation. Since the victim was providing and, presumably, intended to continue to provide, financial resources to their dependents, they should continue to receive the financial help they deserve. Though immediate family will take precedence, all financial dependents may be able to seek compensation.
If immediate family and close financial dependents to not exist, extended family may be able to sue for wrongful death. Extended family includes blood relatives who will serve as an heir to the victim. Parents, spouses, adult children, and other dependents may fall under the extended family category.
Important Information for Wrongful Death Suits
The rules that surround a wrongful death lawsuit differ from other personal injury suits. There are many deadlines, rules, and guidelines that are important to be aware of. These are just a few of the important pieces of information to know before, and during, a wrongful death suit. For a more comprehensive understanding of the rules and guidelines that affect wrongful death cases, contact a knowledgeable personal injury attorney, like Swenson and Shelley.
When filing a wrongful death lawsuit, time is of the essence. Every wrongful death case is subject to a filing deadline. This means that the suit must be filed within a certain amount of time after the wrongful death occurred. When the suit is being filed against a person or entity, like a business, there is a two-year filing deadline on the case. For cases against the government, the filing deadline decreases to just one year. In some cases, there may be a way to extend these deadlines slightly. However, it is best to file the suit as quickly as possible to avoid any deadline issues.
Punitive Damages Limit
While there is no way to put a monetary figure on the suffering from a loss, the courts do try to limit the amount that can be awarded. Grossly excessive punitive damages claims are not likely to be granted. Though, in the state of Utah, punitive damages can be sought in wrongful death cases, there are limits to what can be awarded. The victim’s family should first seek financial compensation for bills, final expenses, and lost wages, and then proceed to the punitive damages recommended by an attorney.
Compensation Depends on Many Factors
Certain facts about the victim and the accident will affect how much compensation is likely to be awarded. When considering the victim, the amount of compensation that is usually given will depend on many things.
Some information about the victim that may be considered when granting compensation is:
- The age and health of the victim
- The victim’s dependents
- The financial situation of the victim
- The victim’s potential earnings
There are many other factors that may come into play when seeking damages for a wrongful death. To learn what these factors may be, contact an informed attorney.